Publications

Videos

Several of our publications reference supplementary videos curated on our Youtube Channel.

2017

Rice SE, Moustakas E, Nava R, Glaudas X, Alexander GJ, Clark RW, 2017. Characterization of 11 cross-amplifying microsatellite loci for Bitis arietans (Merrem, 1820). Herpetology Notes 10:329-333.

Freymiller GA, Whitford MD, Higham TE, Clark RW, 2017. Recent interactions with snakes enhance escape performance of desert kangaroo rats (Rodentia: Heteromyidae) during simulated attacks. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, XX, 1-10.

Whitford MD, Freymiller GA, Clark RW. 2017, Avoiding the serpent's tooth: predatoreprey interactions between free-ranging sidewinder rattlesnakes and desert kangaroo rats. Animal Behaviour 130:73-78.  Press coverage:  New York TimesNational Geographic, Global News Canada, Center for Biological Diversity.

Ayon RW, Putman, BJ, Clark RW, 2017. Recent encounters with rattlesnakes enhance ground squirrel responsiveness to predator cues. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 71:149.

Putman BJ, Clark, RW, 2017. Behavioral thermal tolerances of free-ranging rattlesnakes (Crotalus oreganus) during the summer foraging season. Journal of Thermal Biology 65:8-15.

Whitford MD, Freymiller GA, Ryan JM, Steele DPJ, Tapia CN, Clark RW, 2017, Chionactic occipitalis: hypomelanism. Herpetology Notes 10:411-412

Schraft HA, Clark RW, 2017. Kangaroo rats change temperature when investigating rattlesnake predators. Physiology & Behavior 173:174-178.

Higham TE, Clark RW, Collins CE, Whitford MD, Freymiller GA, 2017. Rattlesnakes are extremely fast and variable when striking at kangaroo rats in nature: three-dimensional high-speed kinematics at night. Sci Rep 7:40412. Press coverage by dozens of media outlets, including Science DailyGizmodoDaily MailPress EnterpriseCNN. Videos from this publication viewed over 2 million times, combined across media outlets and YouTube channel. 

2016

Rice S, Putman BJ, Schraft H, Clark RW. 2016. Crotalus oreganus helleri (Southern Pacific Rattlesnake), loss of rattle style and matrix. Herpetological Review 47:679. 

Kabes LE, Clark RW. 2016. The use of chemical cues by granite night lizards (Xantusia henshawi) to evaluate potential predation risk. Copeia 104:930–941.

Rice SE, Beasley RR, Lance SL, Jones KL, Clark RW. 2016. Development of 24 polymorphic microsatellite markers for the Island Night Lizard (Xantusia riversiana). Conservation Genetics Resources 8:169–196.

Clark RW, Dorr SW, *Whitford MD, *Freymiller GA, Hein SR. 2016. Comparison of anti-snake displays in the sympatric desert rodents Xerospermophilus tereticaudus (round-tailed ground squirrels) and Dipodomys deserti (desert kangaroo rats). J Mammal 97:1709-1717. 

Rice S, Clark RW. 2016. Xantusia riversiana (Island Night Lizard) amelanism. Herpetological Review 47:675.

Clark RW, 2016. The hunting and feeding behavior of wild rattlesnakes. Pp. 91 - 118 in GW Schuett, RS Reiserer, CF Smith, and MJ Feldner (Eds.), The Rattlesnakes of Arizona. Eco Publishing, Rodeo, New Mexico. 

Schuett GW, Clark RW, Repp RA, Amarello M, Greene HW. 2016. Social behavior of rattlesnakes: a shifting paradigm. Pp. 161-242 in GW Schuett, RS Reiserer, CF Smith, and MJ Feldner (Eds.), The Rattlesnakes of Arizona. Eco Publishing, Rodeo, New Mexico. 

Maritz B, Penner J, Martins M, Crnobrnja-Isailović J, Spear S, Alencar LRV, Sigala-Rodriguez J, Messenger K, Clark RW, Soorae P, Luiselli L, Jenkins C, Green HW. 2016. Identifying global priorities for the conservation of vipers. Biological Conservation, 204:94-102

Pike DA, Clark RW, Manica A, Tseng H-Y, Hsu J-Y, Huang W-S. 2016. Surf and turf: predation by egg-eating snakes has led to the evolution of parental care in a terrestrial lizard. Sci. Rep. 10.1038/srep22207

Putman BJ, Barbour MA, Clark RW. 2016. The foraging behavior of free-ranging rattlesnakes (Crotalus oreganus) in California ground squirrel (Otospermophilus beecheyi) colonies. Herpetologica 72:55-63. 

Clark RW, Dorr SW, Whitford MD, Freymiller GA, Putman BJ. 2016. Activity cycles and foraging behaviors of free-ranging sidewinder rattlesnakes (Crotalus cerastes): the ontogeny of hunting in a precocial vertebrate. Zoology, 119:196-206. 

2015 

Putman BJ, Clark, RW. 2015. Habitat manipulation in hunting rattlesnakes (Crotalus species). Southwestern Naturalist, 60:374-377. Press coverage by New Scientist.

Hoss SK, Deutschman DH, Booth W, Clark RW. 2015. Post‐birth separation affects the affiliative behaviour of kin in a pitviper with maternal attendance. Biological Journal of Linnean Society.  116:637-648.

Putman BJ, Clark RW. 2015. Crotalus oreganus (Northern Pacific Rattlesnake): non-rattling tail display. Herpetological Review 46:269–270. 

Putman BJ, Coss RG, Clark RW. 2015. The ontogeny of antipredator behavior: age differences in California ground squirrels (Otospermophilus beecheyi) at multiple stages of rattlesnake encounters. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 69:1447–1457. 

Santana FE, Swaisgood RR, Lemm JM, Fisher RN, Clark RW. 2015. Chilled frogs are hot: hibernation and reproduction of the Endangered mountain yellow-legged frog Rana muscosa. Endang. Species. Res. 27:43–51.

Putman BJ, Clark RW. 2015. The fear of unseen predators: ground squirrel tail flagging in the absence of snakes signals vigilance. Behavioral Ecology 26:185-193. 

2014

Hoss SK, Clark RW. 2014. Mother cottonmouths (Agkistrodon piscivorus) alter their antipredator behavior in the presence of neonates. Ethology 120:933-941. 

Clark RW, Schuett GA, Repp RA, Amarello M, Smith CF, Herrmann HW. 2014. Mating systems, reproductive success, and sexual selection in a secretive species: A case study of the Western Diamond-Backed Rattlesnake, Crotalus atrox. PLoS ONE 9:e90616. 

Rogers LL, Mansfield SA, Hornby K, Hornby S, Debruyn TD, Mize M, Clark RW, Burghardt GM. 2014. Black bear reactions to venomous and non-venomous snakes in Eastern North America. Ethology 120:641-651.

Brennan PLR, Clark RW, Mock DW. 2014. Time to step up: defending basic science and animal behaviour. Animal Behaviour 94:101-105.  Press coverage by Strange Behaviors BlogCosmos and Culture Blog

2012

Clark RW, Tangco S, Barbour MA. 2012. Field recordings reveal factors that influence predatory strike success of free-ranging rattlesnakes (Crotalus spp.). Animal Behaviour 84:183-190. 

Barbour MA, Clark RW. 2012. Ground squirrel tail-flag displays alter both predatory strike and ambush site selection behaviours of rattlesnakes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences, 279:3827-3833. Press coverage by Daily Planet interviewKPBSScienceNowMSNBC

Barbour MA, Clark RW. 2012. Diel cycles in chemosensory behavior of free-ranging rattlesnakes lying in wait for prey. Ethology 118:480-488.

Clark RW, Brown WS, Stechert R, Greene HW. 2012. Cryptic sociality in rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus) kinship analysis. Biology Letters 8:523-525. Press coverage by Huffington PostMSNBC 

2011

Joshi SS, Johnson R, Rundus A, Clark RW, Barbour M, and Owings DH. 2011. Robotic squirrel models:  study of squirrel-rattlesnake interaction in laboratory and natural settings. IEEE-RAM 18:59-68. Press coverage in  Time MagazineMSNBCScience20LA TimesCNN

Clark RW, Ramirez G. 2011. Rosy boas (Lichanura trivirgata) use chemical cues to identify female mice (Mus musculus) with litters of dependent young.  Herpetological Journal 21:187-191. 

Clark RW, Marchand MN, Clifford BJ, Stechert R, Stephens S.  2011. Decline of an isolated timber rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus) population:  Interactions between climate change, disease, and loss of genetic diversity.  Biological Conservation 144:886-891 

Pre 2010

Clark RW, Brown WS, Stechert R, Zamudio KR, 2010. Roads, interrupted dispersal, and genetic diversity in timber rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus).  Conservation Biology, 24:1059-1069. Press coverage in Discovery NewsConsevation MavenCornell Chronicle

Clark RW, Brown WS, Stechert R, Zamudio, KR, 2008. Integrating individual behavior and landscape genetics: the population structure of timber rattlesnake hibernacula. Molecular Ecology 17:719-730. . Commentary: Shine, R. 2008.

Clark, R. W. 2007. Public information for solitary foragers: timber rattlesnakes use conspecific chemical cues to select ambush sites. Behavioral Ecology 18:487-480.

Clark, R. W. 2006. Post-strike behavior of timber rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus) during natural predation events. Ethology 112:1089-1094. [post_strike_behavior.pdf]

Clark, R. W. 2006. Fixed videography to study the predation behavior of an ambush foraging snake, Crotalus horridus. Copeia 2006:181-187. 

Clark, R. W. 2005.  Pursuit-deterrent communication between prey animals and timber rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus): the response of snakes to harassment displays. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 59:258-261. Press coverage in Science News

Clark, R. W. 2004 Feeding experience modifies the assessment of ambush sites by the timber rattlesnake, a sit-and-wait predator. Ethology 110, 471-483.

Clark, R. W. 2004 Kin recognition in rattlesnakes. Proceeding of the Royal Society of London Series B Biology Letters 271, S243–S245.   Press coverage in National GeographicBBCScience NewsScienceNOWEarthwatch Radio

Clark, R. W. 2004. Timber rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus) use chemical cues to select ambush sites. Journal of Chemical Ecology 30, 607-617. 

Clark, R. W. 2002. Diet of the timber rattlesnake, Crotalus horridus. Journal of Herpetology 36, 494-499.

 

Other Publications:

Clark RW. 2015. Book Review:  How Snakes Work: Structure, Function, and Behavior of the World's Snakes. The Quarterly Review of Biology 90:350. 

Rypien KL, Anderson J, Andras J, Clark RW, Gerrish GA, Mandel JT, Riskin DK, 2007. Students unite to create State of the Planet course. Nature 447:775.

Clark, R. W. 2005. Social lives of rattlesnakes. Natural History, March 2005 Issue.

Last Updated:  August 2017